EAL EXAM support

Did you see the BBC TV programme about lambing recently?

The first thing I noticed was when they showed the entrance to Scotland the sign behind was in two languages, similar to the entry into Wales at Bristol.
At the last count there was over 1 million children in UK who are  bilingual and this is increasing daily so for teachers and school managers it is an issue that needs to be addressed in line with current legislation and practice. These children (including many in Welsh, Cornish, Scottish and Irish schools) speak two languages as part of their everyday lives.
Daily they may use their languages for different purposes e.g. speaking to grandparents is probably in a different language to their school friends. There is also then for schools the question of literacy as they may be literate in one language but not in another. In Wales where Welsh is also developed daily alongside English the pupils maybe trilingual. Some will start school knowing more than one language  and some parents may be encouraging children to become literate in their heritage language through teaching them at home, attendance at community schools or parental choice to a designated Welsh  or other language speaking school. This is the route we took with our daughter choosing a Welsh school to allow her to develop her heritage language and gain essential language skills.
Throughout the last 30 years more and more teachers and others involved in EAL and bilingualism have come to recognise the importance of first language development for children learning EAL. Many parents and children now are asking to retain their bilingualism and not lose it due to lack of opportunities to develop and use the language . This is known as subtractive bilingualism.
We need to recognise the important role of first language development in second language development, as we have shown in training courses that Jean and I have done around the UK, and which has successfully led many educators to promote the development and maintenance of first languages and to actively support bilingualism and in turn in some cases  also received either outstanding or good OFSTED results particularly in schools with high levels of EAL students.
Many teachers use bilingual resources successfully to support the teaching and learning of EAL and bilingual pupils. You can to by using our bilingual exam book it supports the student taking the exam and the teacher teaching towards the students understanding aiming it genuine collaborative learning.

I have always done this by changing written material into the home language or introduced the new words in relation to the next project so that my students can access it. Due to many rules and regulations all of my students had to be able to take their exams in English so an explanation of and seeing of exam papers beforehand is crucial

Exam Success - English/Lithuanian Learn all the words needed to sit exams and tests in English.

Exam Success – English/Lithuanian
Learn all the words needed to sit exams and tests in English.

English Exam book cover

Contents

What

Complete

Use

Explain

Which

Suggest

Write

Match

Discuss

Calculate

General exam Questions

Glossary of Exam Terminology

For other langauges and to buy follow this link http://shop.emasuk.com/category/2617/exam_success_books

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Talking Tutor is useful for Design Technology and Science teaching

As a Design Technology -Resistant Material specialist many teachers I have worked with see it as a subject that is easily accessed by EAL pupils. This is mainly through misconception as they believe that as it is a largely practical subject then they can access it. What colleagues often forget is that, like Science, the practical aspect of a design challenge is only one small part of a process. Also included are the complex tasks of time management, development of an idea from concept to delivery, evaluation of the process which requires the development and use of investigative and planning skills throughout. There is also a high level of academic language required to understand the individual process involved.
Using Talking Tutor to give information to support their language development is really easy and also allows you or a teaching assistant to use previous experience to support and develop their learning quicker. It works very simply just put yourselves in their shoes.
Using Talking Tools

Using Talking Tools

Imagine you don’t speak a language e.g. GREEK. You can speak English as this is your first language and at this point only language, you have been to school for a few years so know basic mathematical concepts, tools and their names. You go to a school where everything is in GREEK what do you do? You are still the same person but suddenly language is a barrier.  The school has two options;
Option A – Take you to the side, in small groups and teach you Greek from scratch like you would teach a toddler but expect recollection to be quicker due to age – this is  a much practiced was that I see in many schools that are not challenging or innovative enough
Option B  – recognise they know what we mean by the academic word adding up, drawing, cut etc. but in Greek so share the word for this concept in English. In this way it speeds up the academic words learning process. It also improves the level of understanding.
In my school I always choose option B mainly as I have always had a time constraint called exams where everyone is tasked to achieve. By using Text Tutor which is currently on offer you can easily support academic language development in DT or any subject with a little extra thought about where the best use will be. NB Depending on the age of the child, those schools where access is always available and learning is paramount in their room, the students learn to just log on and find out the equivalent word and then get on with what they are doing. Interested?
Text Tutor

Text Tutor

Challenge your pupils by using time saving pre-made resources from the resource library or our books

Colouring Sheet - Bee

Colouring Sheet – Bee

My name is John Foxwell and I am one of the creators of EMAS UK. My wife and I both teachers created every single sheet in the resource bank and have tried to aim it at differing age groups more inclined towards a level rather than the age. Some of the resources are as basic as numbers but that rises as the levels get more challenging to cells and their make-up. I tried giving access to the resource library but found that some teachers just downloaded all the wanted and then didn’t buy the product, which was a real shame as the resource library is extremely good value and covers a wide range of ages and levels, 3 to 16 and levels 1 to 5.

Using the language mat to reingforce and bridge skills across languages.

Skills transference between Arabic and English

The books are interesting as they have different purposes. Pip is all about discussing emotions and starting points, its ability is to start talking about the fear of moving somewhere new, the loneliness of feeling alone and the differences in locations, finishing with the learner understanding that they will make friends and they will feel more at home as time goes by. The maths books is designed to take the learners current knowledge teach them the words that they need to understand what is being asked in English and join their peers as quickly as possible. It also helps teach new concepts by having the right words for the mathematical shapes, operations and procedures in dual language text, bridging the gap between prior learning and current understanding without lack of developmental knowledge.

Different types of Triangles

Different types of Triangles

To see our latest offers like us on Facebook or look on our website

Watch a short video about the resource library –  http://www.emasuk.com/Video-Resources

For more information contact us via email @ info@emasuk.com or call us on 0845 009 4939

February Offer – Text Tutor £99.00 for 60 languages

Text Tutor – OFFER £99 for 60 languages.
Using it in your environment to communicate across languages is easy, here are a few examples below:
• Administration staff: application forms, newsletter, letters, timetables, permission slips.
• Doctors/surgeries/hospitals: labels for displays, signs for equipment and letters to patients
• Team Leaders: Letters, meetings, information to customers….
These are a few of the ways they are used but there are many more.
For February only a price of just £99 for 1 years membership.
Contact us at info@emasuk or 0845 009 4939 for access to support in all of the the following languages Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese Cantonese, Chinese Mandarin, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Nepali, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Welsh and Yiddish working out at just £1.65 per language.
February 2014 Offer

February 2014 Offer

September 2013 – OFSTED subsidary guidance EMASUK Keeping you up-to-date

In September a few things are changing for schools and OFSTED guidance for inspectors change accordingly.  To find the information http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/resources/subsidiary-guidance-supporting-inspection-of-maintained-schools-and-academies or see a summary of some of the points below. The biggest challenge will be the disapplication of the National Curriculum in the UK and the use of Pupil Premium.

Disapplication of the National Curriculum

  1. The majority of the national curriculum is being ‘disapplied’ (ie suspended) from September 2013 for one year for most subjects to give all schools the freedom to change what they teach in order to prepare for the new national curriculum. Disapplication is a suspension of the content of the national curriculum, not the subjects themselves. New statutory programmes of study will be introduced for all subjects from 2014 (2015 for Key Stage 4 English, maths and science) – with the addition of foreign languages at Key Stage 2. ICT will be renamed computing.
  2. Whilst schools will still have to teach all national curriculum subjects, what they cover will be up to them. The intention is to help teachers to manage the transition from the old national curriculum to the new one.  For example, teachers can stick broadly to the current national curriculum but will be able to vary when they teach topics and what topics they teach. They can use this freedom to cover any gaps in pupils’ knowledge and understanding to make sure they are prepared to learn the new curriculum from 2014.
  3. Disapplication is a permissive measure – no school will be required to change its curriculum in 2013/14. At Key Stage 4 for English, mathematics and science the freedom will last for two academic years because the new national curriculum will be taught from 2015/16 for those pupils. Teachers will still have to teach the national curriculum for English, maths and science to pupils in years 1, 2, 5 and 6 in 2013/14.  This is to ensure that pupils are properly prepared for national curriculum tests at Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 in summer 2014.

Evaluating the school’s use of the pupil premium

  1. It is for schools to decide how the pupil premium is spent. However, they are accountable for their use of this funding. Since September 2012, schools have been required to publish online information about their pupil premium allocation and how they plan to spend it this year. They must also publish a statement of how they spent the money for the previous year and its impact on the attainment of pupils eligible for support through the pupil premium. This is intended to ensure that parents and others are made fully aware of the impact on the attainment of pupils covered by the pupil premium.
  2. Local authorities decide how to allocate the pupil premium for pupils from low-income families in non-mainstream settings. The local authority must consult non-mainstream settings about how the premium for these pupils should be used.
  3. When evaluating the effectiveness of leaders, managers and governors, inspectors should gather evidence about the use of the pupil premium in relation to the following key issues:

1. the level of pupil premium funding received by the school in the current academic year and levels of funding received in previous academic years

2. how the school has spent the pupil premium and why it has decided to spend it in the way it has

3. any differences made to the learning and progress of pupils eligible for the pupil premium as shown by performance data and inspection evidence.


[1]The pupil premium is specific, additional funding provided to support the education of pupils known to be eligible for free school meals, pupils who have been eligible for free school meals at any point in the last 6 years (known as the Ever6 free school meal measure), children who have been looked after continuously for a period of 6 months and children whose parents are currently serving in the armed forces. See http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/pupilsupport/premium/a0076063/pp for further information.

Impact of pupil premium and Year 7 catch-up

  1. Inspectors must consider the difference between the average points scores in each of English and mathematics in national assessments at the end of Key Stage 2, and at GCSE at the end of Key Stage 4, for the following groups:

those pupils known to be eligible for free school meals and all other pupils (FSM and non-FSM pupils)

children who are looked after and all other pupils (CLA and non-CLA)

children of service families and all other pupils. (This information is not contained in RAISEonline but inspectors will expect schools to provide it during the inspection.)

  1. Inspectors must evaluate the performance in English and in mathematics of groups of pupils who are supported through the pupil premium. Where a gap is identified between the performance of pupils supported through the pupil premium and all others in the school, inspectors must report this and whether it is narrowing. They should express gaps in terms of National Curriculum levels or a period of time (such as ‘two terms’) at the end of Key Stage 2, or GCSE grades at the end of Key Stage 4.
  2. The following table shows suitable ways of expressing gaps in average points scores using plain language and simple fractions, which should be reported in words. Inspectors should take into account the way in which the school divides up the school year, such as into terms, in selecting wording that readers will understand.
points

1

1.5

2

3

4

4.5

5

6

Key Stage 2
NC levels

1/4

1/3

1/2

2/3

3/4

1

terms (3 per year)

1

2

3

4

5

6

years

1/3

1/2

2/3

1

11/2

2

months

4

6

8

12

16

18

20

24

 

 

 

 

 

Key Stage 4

 

 

 

 

 

GCSE grades

1/4

1/3

1/2

2/3

3/4

1

  1. Inspectors must also evaluate and report on the progress being made by pupils targeted for the Year 7 catch-up programme, including through analysis of summary data kept by the school.[1]

[1] This programme is for pupils who did not achieve the expected Level 4 in either reading or mathematics at the end of Key Stage 2. http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/pupilsupport/year7catchup/a00216777/y7-catch-up-premium-faq

Pupils’ cultural development is shown by their:

understanding and appreciation of the wide range of cultural influences that have shaped their own heritage

willingness to participate in, and respond to, for example, artistic, musical, sporting, mathematical, technological, scientific and cultural opportunities

interest in exploring, understanding of, and respect for cultural diversity and the extent to which they understand, accept, respect and celebrate diversity, as shown by their attitudes towards different religious, ethnic and socio-economic groups in the local, national and global communities.

UK National Curriculum – EAL special

This is an Overview of the  UK National Curriculum 2014 from document:

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/210969/NC_framework_document_-_FINAL.pdf

showing the relation to EAL learners and  how EMASUK resources can support some of these areas.

The New National Curriculum 2014 will look like this:

National Curriculum structure

In relation to EAL pupils it states in sections 4.5 and 4.6 that:

Teachers must also take account of the needs of pupils whose first language is not English. Monitoring of progress should take account of the pupil’s age, length of time in this country, previous educational experience and ability in other languages.

The ability of pupils for whom English is an additional language to take part in the national curriculum skills in English. Teachers should plan teaching opportunities to help pupils develop their English and should aim to provide the support pupils need to take part in all subjects.

From these statements clearly  the government are expecting every ordinary teacher (i.e. not  a linguist)  to work with both English speaking and non-English speaking children in their classrooms at the same time.  If ordinary teachers are able to do this job, in this way, then they need to  communicate effectively with all students regardless of language and it is the schools job to provide them with the tools and services needed to do their job effectively. As schools who have been using this system in classrooms are now getting more confident we are seeing the results that the children, teachers and school see real differences including improved self-esteem, improved academic language retention and ultimately improved performance. So rest assured it can be done.

Personal help and effective use of a versatile computer programme which supports pupils –and parents –who are at the early stages of learning English enables them to make excellent progress in English. These pupils make better progress than similar pupils, nationally.

OFSTED 2013

Schools are able to do this by ensuring that teachers are able confident in their ability to use the resources and tools and use them when and where necessary. In some schools it may mean that a new arrival arrives in the classroom on day 1 and the resource vault is used and two can talk to assess their ability in their home language. Schools are using the same assessment as they would do with any child that moves from another town or county as Two can Talk allows them the flexibility to do this. It may be necessary a few weeks down the line not to sue these but instead use Terry (talking tutor) to give instruction or biligualise spoken text using the whiteboard as a medium.  At parent interview time again Two Can Talk  could come into its own as it is great to record and keep a record of the parents views and understanding. Its knowing what is available and then working out what suits you best in each situation.

The National Curriculum supports all this by telling everyone to follow the teachers who having been teaching the EMASUK way  by ensuring the children develop their academic vocabulary, and those who have been on our training courses will be au fait with how to develop this in normal classrooms no matter how many languages are within it. For many schools that have been resistive to these ideas the NC clearly informs them that they must get on board with our way of teaching and learning and shares with them what we all know in 6.4 that:

Pupils’ acquisition and command of vocabulary are key to their learning and progress across the whole curriculum. Teachers should therefore develop vocabulary actively, building systematically on pupils’ current knowledge. (What John and I have been saying for five years now). They should increase pupils’ store of words in general; simultaneously.

In year 3 as teachers and pupils developed it became clear to us that exams and SATS were a really huge problem not only for learners but for their teachers. Often there wasn’t enough time for them to teach the academic language needed but also no resources to save them preparation time. Today teachers use of our GCSE books (available in many languages) support their further statement in 6.4 that;

Older pupils should be taught the meaning of instruction verbs that they may meet in examination questions. It is important to induct pupils into the language which defines each subject in its won right, such as accurate mathematical and scientific language.  http://shop.emasuk.com/category/2617/exam_success_books

All of this is easily done providing the ethos of the schools is not that of  ‘One size fits all’, but each individual has learnt before, so lets move from there and bridge the language gap to support their English language acquisition. Using Two Can Talk allows you to find out where they are and what they know in their first language. From there conversion of concept to the introduction of the English word as opposed to using time to go over the whole concept again means the speed at which they pick up English increases. Used with the library of resources that supports specific academic language development, teachers have a base from which to start and then use Text Tutor and/or two can talk to create their own personalised resources. If it is done systematically in a planned and targeted way, it will ensure that the learners in less time will  have a greater understanding of meaning and improved range of vocabulary. Also by using their previous learning it not only values what they have previously achieved  but also helps them to extend their language skills and broaden their vocabulary quicker.

Just by way of example the resource vault has pre made resources. These are a starting point until teachers know what they want to create for themselves. It means that where the NC 2104 Maths states;

  • consolidate their numerical and mathematical capability
  • extend their understanding of the number system
  • use language and properties precisely, such as with 2D and 3D shapes,

there will be a resource in the vault.  To find it is easy just login in then go to the resource vault, choose, by subject and the resources will be there in a variety of languages.  Using the maths sheets available in the resource vault and the maths book teachers can support EAL including bilingual children to learn quicker and express themselves using mathematical terminology. To further support this the Maths books found here http://shop.emasuk.com/category/2613/maths_books.

In the resource vault the Time book in various languages supports the children to use their previous knowledge to develop both their English language linguistic development and their mathematical academic language side by side. This books further supports the year 4  NC expectation

  • read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24 hour clocks.

All these resources can be tailored to your pupils by your creation of the document, worksheet, newsletter that you want and then using the cut and paste option to take the words or diagrams needed.

The NC2014 Science curriculum stipulates a spoken language requirement, so further to my question the other day about TA’s, maybe we should be ensuring that they also have the academic language taught via INSET and mentoring programmes so that they don’t feel isolated.

To support the NC requirements in Science that pupils must;

  • identify and describe basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers

In the vault there are resources to support this and in schools like Teign School, Devon who have an active farm, pupils can actually be taken to experience this first hand within lesson time. They can further develop their science knowledge easily by allowing learners who maybe have not seen the types of trees and flowers we have in the UK to:

  • use the local environment throughout the year to explore and answer questions about plants growing in their habitat. Where possible they should observe the growth of flowers and vegetables that they have planted.
  • Pupils must work scientifically by working closely, perhaps using magnifying glasses, and comparing and contrasting familiar plants

This not only familiarise pupils with their local environment but supports new arrivals in learning bout their new country but on the same level playing field as their peers. NB Look out as well for all the resources in the vault to support food chains and habitats .

Bilingual Language Mat

Using a standard language mat in Arabic and English to create learning resources

For any teacher to create their own resources to fulfil the new curriculum requirements and extend their current resources basis Text Tutor, Two Can Talk and Terry can all support you to create what you need, when you need it for your own classroom.

For current prices contact info@emasuk.com or 0845 009 4939 or www.emasuk.com fro the bookstore.

If you are a member and would like a telephone overview to ensure you are getting the best out of these please contact us and ask for an educationalist to talk you through the resource vault and talking tools.